Scientists from the Hayward Research Group at the University of Colorado at Boulder have made a groundbreaking discovery in the field of photomechanical materials. In a recent study, researchers from the Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering have developed a resilient material that can efficiently transform light energy into mechanical work without the need for heat or electricity. This innovation offers a multitude of possibilities for energy-efficient, wireless, and remotely controlled systems across various industries, including robotics, aerospace, and biomedical devices.
The researchers have taken a unique approach to harnessing light energy. Instead of relying on conventional methods that involve carrying bulky onboard batteries, they have devised a system that uses a laser beam to provide the necessary energy for an airborne drone. By directly converting light into mechanical deformation, the traditional limitations of battery power are eliminated, paving the way for sleeker and more efficient devices.
The material developed by the Hayward Research Group consists of tiny organic crystals that exhibit bending and lifting properties when exposed to light. By incorporating these crystals within a polymer material that resembles a sponge, their durability and energy production are greatly enhanced. The material’s flexibility and ease of shaping make it incredibly versatile, enabling a wide range of applications.
This novel material shows great promise as a viable alternative to electrically-wired actuators. It has the potential to wirelessly control or power robots and vehicles, offering significant advantages in terms of efficiency and weight reduction. Additionally, by improving the efficiency of direct light-to-work conversion, the need for cumbersome thermal management systems and heavy electrical components may be eliminated.
Superior Performance and Versatility
Compared to previous attempts at photomechanical materials, this new breakthrough offers superior performance and durability. The crystals respond quickly, have a long lifespan, and can lift heavy objects. Remarkably, they are capable of moving objects much larger than themselves, highlighting their impressive strength-to-weight ratio. For instance, a strip of crystals weighing only .02 mg successfully lifts a 20 mg nylon ball, which is an astonishing feat.
While the researchers acknowledge that there is still room for improvement, particularly in terms of efficiency, this study represents a significant step in the right direction. The team is determined to enhance control over the material’s movement and maximize the amount of mechanical energy produced in comparison to the light energy input. With further advancements, these materials could become competitive with existing actuators in the near future.
The research conducted by the Hayward Research Group was a collaborative effort involving multiple institutions. Lead author Wenwen Xu, a former postdoctoral researcher in Professor Hayward’s group (now with the Sichuan University-Pittsburgh Institute), and graduate student Hantao Zhou (now with Western Digital) were among the contributors. The work also had valuable input from collaborators at the University of California Riverside and Stanford University.
The development of this efficient and resilient photomechanical material opens up a world of possibilities for various industries. The ability to directly convert light energy into mechanical work without the need for heat or electricity is a game-changer. From robotics to aerospace to biomedical devices, the applications of this technology are far-reaching. As researchers continue to push the boundaries of efficiency and control, we can expect to see even more innovative uses of this groundbreaking material in the years to come.